How to Transition God’s People from One Leader to the Next: Lessons from David and Solomon

Any church or Christian organization can feel somewhat lost when a pastor or leader steps down, especially if he does so suddenly or resigns because of sin. In the absence of his leadership, there is a time of limbo for God’s people while they search to fill the previous leader’s shoes, or, even if an immediate replacement is found, it takes time for someone new to learn the ropes and pilot the ship into sailing smoothly again.

I am only 36 years old, so I cannot really speak to these things from my own personal experience. However, I can do my best to speak from the Word of God, and we have an interesting example for transitioning leadership in the lives of David and Solomon. There are obviously bigger themes from their lives in Scripture (e.g., even the best kings are still not Jesus; Solomon was the first of many to sit on David’s throne as promised in the Davidic Covenant), but, if carefully done, we can learn other lessons from their lives as well (cf. Rom 15:4; 1 Cor 10:6, 11).

The first lesson is relatively simple:

Put your house in order before you finish your ministry.

David had a well-organized kingdom by the time of his death, including everything from a well-oiled military to who watched over the donkeys (1 Chronicles 23–27). Having the right resources and people in place, it is no wonder that the kingdom thrived under the wisdom of Solomon.

Even though one might try to put one’s house in order, there will likely be some things that are left undone. This being the case… 

You cannot solve every problem, but you can at least warn your successor of the “problem people” that he will inherit in order for him to handle them well.

David warned Solomon about two men in particular, Joab and Shimei (2 Kings 2:5–9). Joab vengefully murdered a handful of men during David’s kingship and then supported Adonijah’s attempted coup (1 Kings 1). Shimei supported this coup as well and had opposed David in the past when he was on the run from Absalom (2 Samuel 16:5–14). After his second installation as king, Solomon immediately killed Joab for his betrayal of David and then killed Shimei only after he had violated the terms that Solomon had set for him as a lesser punishment than death (2 Kings 2).

Practical matters can linger as well. If something is left undone, you can at least try to…

Pass off projects well.

God did not allow David to build the temple, but he did gather much of its materials for Solomon and gave him the plans as well (1 Chron 28:1–29:22). David knew the task that Solomon had before him and left him well-prepared.

As you near the end…

Don’t wait too long to pass the baton.

Adonijah thought he saw an opening to take his aging father’s throne. Though wrongfully done, he may have been expressing the desire of many to have a younger leader take over. Thankfully, with some frantic persuading by Nathan and Bathsheba, David was still able to hand over the kingdom to Solomon (1 Kings 1).

Off the heels of the last thought…

Give people a proper transition from one leader to the next.

Though Solomon was able to safely become king instead of Adonijah, David gave him a second installation, something more proper and public to help solidify the transfer of kingship from him to Solomon (1 Kings 1; 1 Chron 29:22b–25; cf. 23:1).

More could certainly be said, and the above is more easily said than done. Sometimes circumstances do not allow for a smooth transition, however hard one may try. But, as God is gracious, may He help us all as Christian leaders to do our best to properly transition His people from one leader to the next when He has for us to do so.

Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings: David, Part 11

This entry is part 20 of 20 in the series Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings

In our final look at the life of David, we see that David successfully transitioned the kingdom to Solomon. By the end of his kingdom, David had well-organized nation, including those who served in the temple (1 Chron 23–26), treasury caretakers and those overseeing external duties (i.e., overseeing labor) (1 Chron 26:20–32), the military (1 Chron 27:1–15), the tribal leaders (1 Chron 27:16–24), and stewards of the king’s property and maintenance (1 Chron 27:25–34).

Perhaps waiting too long to transition the kingdom to Solomon, David experienced once last attempt to unlawfully dethrone him by his son Adonijah. His plan was foiled, and, thanks to Nathan and Bathsheba, David installed Solomon as king (1 Kings 1:1–53).

David counseled Solomon to be faithful to God and how to deal with some of the characters involved in his kingship—Joab and Shimei especially (1 Kgs 2:1–9).

David also gave his final charges to Israel and Solomon concerning the temple (1 Chron 28:1–8, 9–21). He appealed to Israel for temple materials, the people gladly responded, and David thanked God (1 Chron 29:1–22a).

Finally, David gave Solomon a second and more fitting installation as king (1 Chron 29:22b–25; cf. 23:1). David died after forty years of ruling in Hebron and Jerusalem, and Solomon’s kingdom was established (1 Kgs 2:10–12; 1 Chron 29:26–30).

In bringing David’s life to a close, we do well to remember a couple of the greater biblical themes tied into these stories:

First, David had a son on the throne, just as God promised to him through the covenant in 2 Samuel 7:8–16.

Second, David was a great king, but he was not a perfect king. Only Jesus can perfectly rule and bring justice to Israel and all nations.

When it comes to searching the above for something practical, I cannot help but notice many lessons about leadership as the above involves the kingdom going from one king to the next. While Christian leaders are obviously not kings, there are a number of helpful lessons to gather from the end of David’s life as he passed the kingdom to Solomon:

Put your house in order before you finish. David had a well-organized kingdom by the time of his death, including everything from a well-oiled military to who watched over the donkeys. Having the right resources and people in place, it is no wonder that the kingdom thrived under the wisdom of Solomon.

You cannot solve every problem, but at least warn your successor of problems that he will inherit. David had quite a bit of trouble with Joab during his kingship, and Joab supported Adonijah’s attempted coup. Shimei heaped coals of fire on David’s head by cursing him when he was already on the run from Absalom. After his second installation as king, Solomon killed Joab immediately and then Shimei only after he had violated the terms that Solomon had set for him.

Pass off projects well. God did not allow David to build the temple, but he did gather much of its materials for Solomon and gave him the plans as well. David knew the task that Solomon had before him and left him well-prepared.

Don’t wait too long to pass the baton. Adonijah thought he saw an opening to take his aging father’s throne. Thankfully, with some frantic persuading by Nathan and Bathsheba, David was still able to hand over the kingdom to Solomon.

Off the heels of the last thought, give people a proper transition from one leader to the next. Though Solomon was able to safely become king instead of Adonijah, David gave him a second installation, something more proper and public to help solidify the transfer of kingship from him to Solomon.

Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings: David, Part 10

This entry is part 19 of 20 in the series Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings

One of the themes in David’s life was that David had a heart to build the temple.The background of the temple is interesting for a couple of reasons.

David plans the temple.

First, what precipitated God’s promise of a house to David (i.e., a dynasty) was David’s intense desire to build a house for the Lord (i.e., a permanent, physical structure; 2 Sam 7:1–17; cf. 7:3; 1 Kgs 8:17–18; 1 Chron 22:7; 28:2; Psalm 132:1–5; Acts 7:46).

Second, the location of the temple came about from the sinful census of David. David was tempted by Satan to command a census, perhaps to find confidence in its size instead of God (cf. 2 Sam 24:3), bringing about God’s wrath through pestilence at the hand of his destroying angel. David built an altar on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite where he saw the angel of the Lord (2 Sam 24:1–25; cf. 1 Chron 21:1–30), and David proclaimed the house of the Lord would be built there (1 Chron 22:1).

1 Chronicles rushes through Israel’s history, primarily in genealogies in 1 Chron 1–10 and recounts David’s kingship in 1 Chron 11–20. The book then slows down to focus on David’s interest in the temple in 1 Chron 21–29. David instructed Solomon and Israel to build the temple and how to build it. Then David made Solomon king (1 Chron 22:2–23:1). David organized the Levites (1 Chron 23:2–32), priests (1 Chron 24:1–31), musicians (1 Chron 25:1–30), and gatekeepers (1 Chron 26:1–19).

From the above, we can see a couple of practical lessons.

First, David once said, “Delight yourself in the Lord, and he will give you the desires of your heart” (Psalm 37:4 ESV). As he knew from his involvement with the temple, however—planning it but not building it—sometimes the means whereby God has for us to live out the desires of our hearts is not always as we planned.

But, second, given David’s sin with the census and God’s having Solomon build the temple due to David’s bloodshed, God is nonetheless gracious to grant and fulfill our hearts’ desires in His own way in spite of our sins and circumstances.

Hezekiah: An Example in Character for the New Year

In one of the Bible’s “new years,” 2 Chronicles 29:3 records of Hezekiah, “In the first year of his reign, in the first month, he opened the doors of the house of the Lord and repaired them” (ESV). 

At first glance, this may seem like simple maintenance, but further study shows that opening and repairing these doors was a significant statement in light of who preceded him as king—his father Ahaz, one of Judah’s most wicked kings.

Ahaz forsook the ways of David, worshipped the Baals, and even sacrificed some of his sons (2 Chronicles 28:1–4). In response, God punished Judah through the hands of multiple nations (2 Chronicles 28:5–21). Instead of turning to God, Ahaz sacrificed to the gods of the Syrians, destroyed the temple vessels, and shut the temple doors (2 Chronicles 28:22–27).

Hezekiah was not like his father. “He trusted in the Lord, the God of Israel, so that there was none like him among all the kings of Judah after him, nor among those who were before him” (2 Kings 18:5 ESV). Not only did he repair the temple and restore its worship, but he also reinstated the Passover, restored the temple’s storerooms, and saw God answer his prayer to deliver Judah from the mighty Assyrians (2 Chronicles 29–32).

Hezekiah destroys the idols

Looking back to his first month and first year, we see Hezekiah as an example in multiple ways for how we might live out the coming year:

First, he obeyed the word of the Lord. 2 Chronicles 29:2 states, “And he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, according to all that David his father had done” (ESV).  

Second, he took initiative. He started his reforms “in the first year of his reign, in the first month” (2 Chronicles 29:3 ESV).

Third, he overcame obstacles. Though his father Ahaz once shut them, Hezekiah “opened the doors” (2 Chronicles 29:3 ESV).

Fourth, he acknowledged the problems of the past. 2 Chronicles 29:4–9 records his admission that those before him had sinned.

Fifth, he recommitted himself to the Lord. 2 Chronicles 29:10–11 records that it was in his heart to make a covenant with the Lord. This covenant is probably just a renewal of commitment to obey the law of Moses.

Sixth, he influenced others for good (29:12–30). He led the Levites to cleanse the house of the Lord and the priests to cleanse the Holy of Holies (2 Chronicles 29:12–19). The temple was then used for worship (2 Chronicles 26:20–30).

Seventh, Hezekiah attributed his success to God. Among the many sacrifices given, thank offerings were part of Judah’s worship in 2 Chronicles 29:31–36. Hezekiah thanked God for what He had done.

It was said of Hezekiah, “there was none like him,” and his first month and year were like no other. If you follow Hezekiah’s example, what might this coming year hold for you?

Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings: David, Part 9

This entry is part 18 of 20 in the series Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings

While David was a great king in many ways, we have seen that David was not perfect and that his sins affected his kingdom for the worse. One of the punishments for his sin with Bathsheba was that David would have evil against him in his house. In carrying out this theme further from last week, we will look at Joab and Adonijah, two men in David’s house who were evil from time to time.

First, we see that David’s nephew (cf. 1 Chron 2:13–16) Joab vengefully murdered multiple people. Joab murdered Abner to avenge the death of his brother Asahel (2 Sam 3:26–30). Then, Joab killed Absalom against David’s orders (2 Sam 18:1–8). Finally, Joab killed Amasa, his own cousin (cf. 1 Chron 2:17). Absalom had set Amasa over his army (2 Sam 17:25), Amasa was kept as general by David (2 Sam 19:13), and Joab murdered him in order to take back his position over David’s army (2 Sam 19:41–20:23).

Solomon becomes king

Second, we see that David’s fourth son Adonijah attempted to usurp the throne. Seeing that David was old and near death, Adonijah conspired with others to usurp the throne (1 Kgs 1:1–10). Nathan and Bathsheba approached David about Adonijah and asked for Solomon to be declared king (1 Kgs 1:11–26). David confirmed Solomon to be king, sent out a procession to do so, and Adonijah was granted mercy by Solomon (1 Kgs 1:27–53).

The deaths of these men go together. After David’s death, Adonijah requested to marry David’s concubine Abishag. Along with being Solomon’s older brother and his alliance with Abiathar and Joab, this was an attempt to take the throne again. For this, Solomon put Adonijah to death (1 Kings 2:13–25). Linked to Adonijah’s conspiracy, Joab pled for mercy but was likewise put to death (1 Kings 2:28–35). As with other areas in life, violence can come back to haunt the aggressor. “The violence of the wicked will sweep them away, because they refuse to do what is just” (Proverbs 21:7 ESV).

Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings: David, Part 8

This entry is part 17 of 20 in the series Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings

Although David became great within his kingdom, he alsosinned with Bathsheba, murdered Uriah, and wrongfully ordered a census. Thefirst two of these sins were linked, and we shall see that David’s sin led to corrosion within the kingdom.

Let’s look, first of all, at how David sinned with Bathsheba and murdered Uriah. This took place because David stayed home from battle, saw Bathsheba bathing, called her to his palace,and adulterously impregnated her. In trying to cover up the situation, he conspired her husband Uriah’s murder, all of which displeased the Lord (2 Sam 11:1–26;cf. 1 Chron 20:1–3).

In response, God sent Nathan to tell a parable to condemn David for his murder, taking Bathsheba, and murdering by way of the Ammonites. David’s punishment would be threefold—he would have evil against him in his house, his wives would be defiled, and his child through Bathsheba would die (2 Sam 12:1–15a).

Nathan rebukes David.

As foretold, the child did die (2 Sam 12:15b–23). Bathsheba then had Solomon through David (2 Sam 12:24–25), and David rejoined Joab in battle to conquer the Ammonites (2 Sam 12:26–31).

As time went on, David indeed experienced evil in his house as foretold by Nathan. It began when David’s firstborn son Amnon (his mother was Ahinoam) raped his half-sister Tamar, incurring the wrath of her brother Absalom (their mother was Maacah; 2 Sam 13:1–22). Absalom orchestrated the murder of Amnon to avenge Tamar and fled to his grandfather, Talmai, king of Geshur (2 Sam 13:23–39).

Absalom later tried to usurp David’s throne. In the events leading up to the matter, Joab used a wise woman to persuade David to bring back Absalom from Geshur. Two years later, Absalom forced the attention of Joab to let him back into David’s favor (2 Sam 14:1–33).Absalom then stole the hearts of Israel for four years, conspired to take David’s kingship while in Hebron, and forced David to shamefully flee from Jerusalem (2 Sam 15:1–16:14).

God providentially arranged for Absalom’s demise, however. Instead of listening to the advice of Ahithophel to immediately go after David with 12,000 men, Absalom chose the advice of Hushai and waited to gather many men and attack David with a stronger force. Seeing that David would have time to recover from the attempted coup, Ahithophel hung himself, likely to avoid execution (2 Sam 15:15–17:29). Ahithophel had been the one to instruct Absalom to violate David’s concubines in the sight of all Israel, fulfilling one of the three judgments foretold by Nathan (2 Sam 16:21–22).

David gathered his men and fought back, and against David’s orders, Joab killed Absalom along the way (2 Sam 18:1–18). This was not only a death of a son of David, but also by the hands of a nephew of David, Joab, the son of David’s sister Zeruiah (cf. 2 Chron 2:13–16). David was told of Absalom’s death and mourned in response (2 Sam 18:19–33). Joab rebuked David for shaming Israel over Absalom’s death by mourning for someone who acted as an enemy, and then David promised Israel Amasa as general to sway the tribes back under his kingship (2 Sam 19:1–15), which would lead to trouble, as we shall see in the weeks ahead.

From the above, the evil in David’s house included a number of events: Amnon raped Tamar; Absalom murdered Amnon; Absalom fled his home; Absalom attempted a coup when he returned; Joab killed Absalom; and David had friction with Joab. Surely evil had come to his house.

From the above, we learn some very practical lessons.

First, idleness can lead to sin if we are not careful. David should have been fighting with Joab. Instead he was walking around with an ability to see what he should not see, leading him to trouble.

Second, sin will take you farther than you want to go, keep you longer than you want to stay, and cost you more than you want to pay. Such was the experience of David for his sins of adultery and murder.

Third, even the best of men are at best, men. David was the standard by which later kings would be measured, but he was not the greatest of kings, Jesus, who is the greatest of our examples. And not only is Jesus our greatest example, we take hope that He is the greatest King who is our Savior and one day coming again.

Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings: David, Part 7

This entry is part 16 of 20 in the series Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings

We have seen that David became great as a king (2 Sam 3:1; 5:10) through the diminishing influence of the house of Saul, through moving his throne to Jerusalem while fending off his enemies, through the return of the ark to Jerusalem, and through the covenant in which God promised David an eternal dynasty.

While some battles relate to the themes above, others relate to David’s greatness in that David became great outside of Israel by defeating his enemies.

Several examples draw this theme out: David defeated the Philistines, Moabites, Zobahites, Syrians, Edomites, and Amalekites and put up garrisons (2 Sam 8:1–17; cf. 1 Chron 18:1–16); David defeated the Ammonites and their Syrian allies (2 Sam 10:1–19; cf. 1 Chron 19:1–19); Shimei cursed David during Absalom’s attempted coup (2 Sam 16:5–14), but David overcame and pardoned Shimei (2 Sam 19:16–23);  David won four wars against Philistines (2 Sam 21:15–22; cf. 1 Chron 20:4–8); and tribute is given to David’s “mighty men” as well (2 Sam 23:8–39; cf. 1 Chron 11:10–47).

As 2 Samuel comes to a close, David gives a psalm declaring God’s victory through him (2 Sam 22:1–51; same as Ps 18:2–50).

Immediately thereafter, we have David’s last words, an oracle extolling God for His victory over his enemies, based upon God’s eternal covenant with David (2 Sam 23:1–7).

From David’s last words, we see that a healthy fear of God and righteousness in our dealings with and especially over people may prosper both us and those around us. As Jesus said, “In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven” (Matthew 5:16 ESV).

Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings: David, Part 3

This entry is part 12 of 20 in the series Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings

Within 1 Samuel, we see from many passages that David’s kingdom was on the run but would be established in time. In 1 Samuel 18–20, Saul unsuccessfully tried to kill David. 1 Samuel 21–31 then records how David was on the run. The reader would see that, just as promised (1 Samuel 16:6–13; cf. 13:14; 15:28), David’s kingdom would come in spite of Saul’s opposition (cf. 1 Samuel 16:18; 18:12–17; 21:11; 24:17–21; 25:28–29; 26:25; 28:17; 29:5).

After finding relief at Nob, David was almost caught by the Philistine Achish in Gath (1 Sam 21:1–15). David then began to acquire the nucleus of his kingdom—a ragtag, 400-man army and his family except for his parents who went to the king of Moab.  Having fled to Judah (1 Sam 22:1–5), David protected the city of Keilah but then fled to Ziph. Saul continually searched in vain for David whose army had grown to 600 men (1 Sam 23:1–14).

Saul again sought David in Maon. The two were on opposite sides of a mountain when Saul was called away to battle. David then went to Engedi where he spared the life of Saul (1 Sam 23:19–24:22). While in Maon, David was poorly treated by a man named Nabal but spared his life at the request of Nabal’s wife Abigail. God killed Nabal ten days later, and perhaps he foreshadowed Saul’s end (cf. 1 Sam 25:26, 28–31). David married Abigail and Anihoam, and his wife Michal married another (1 Sam 25:1–43).

Back in Ziph, David was hunted again by Saul who David spared again (1 Sam 26:1–5). David at last went to Gath, made an alliance with Achish, was sought no more by Saul, and killed his enemies for a year and four months (1 Sam 27:1–12). While retrieving his people and possessions from the Amalekites (1 Sam 28:1–30:31), many men joined to David (1 Chron 12:1–22), and Saul was slain in Gilboa, making way for David to become king (1 Sam 31:1–13).

David became king, overcoming all obstacles by God’s help. Two lessons stand out:

First, God is always faithful to His promises. Just as God promised David he would be king, though it may have seemed unsure to David at times, it was never in doubt for God.

Second, whatever this world may look like now or in the future, Christ will come again and reign. Just as David waited for his throne, hurdling difficulties until then, so also we await the coming of our Lord while this world lies in the power of the prince of darkness. Just as God placed David on the throne, so also will He one day send His Son to claim His earthly throne as well.

Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings: David, Part 1

This entry is part 10 of 20 in the series Virtue and Vice: Lessons from the Kings

The life of David is covered in 1 Sam 16–31,  2 Sam 1–24, 1 Kgs 1–2, and 1 Chron 11–29, 61 chapters in all, which is over 5% of the Bible’s 1,189 chapters. Add his 73 psalms to this number (now 134 chapters), and David is the author or focus of 11.3% of the Bible’s chapters. Likewise, Moses is the author and focus of 188 chapters, 15.8% of the Bible’s chapters.  Only Jesus enjoys more of a focus in the Bible as it is Him to whom the OT points (in part through the life of David) and about Him that the NT records, explains, and anticipates.

In covering many themes from David’s life, the first we will explore is David’s Succession to King Saul (1 Sam 16–31). Though anointed but not yet king, David served and then ran from Saul. Others accepted David as king, including Saul’s son Jonathan.

Within 1 Sam 16–31, we see the sub-theme that David was better than Saul. David was shown to be, as God said to Saul, “better than you” (1 Sam 15:28; cf. 13:14; 16:7; 24:71; 28:17), meaning one who had a heart to obey the Lord. Though chosen by Samuel to replace Saul as king (1 Sam 16:1–13), David found himself under Saul for a time, showing him to be better than his predecessor in multiple ways:

  1. He had the Spirit and calmed Saul’s harmful spirit (1 Sam 16:13–23).
  2. He fought Goliath while Saul watched on (1 Sam 17:1–58).
  3. Saul tried to kill David, but the Lord made David successful (1 Sam 18:6–16).
  4. Though Saul married off Merab and tried to kill off David by having him kill Philistines, David persevered and married Michal (1 Sam 18:17–30).
  5. David repaid Saul’s evil with good by sparing his life in a cave in Engedi, took only a part of his robe, and swore that he would not cut off Saul’s offspring. Saul left (1 Sam 24:1–22).
  6. pursued again by Saul, David took his spear and water jug, returned to his camp, and spoke with Saul from a distance. Saul acknowledged his sin and left (1 Sam 26:1–25).
  7. While willing to fight and keep his alliance with Achish, David was providentially hindered from fighting Saul by the mistrust of the Philistines and having to rescue his people and possessions from the Amalekites who attacked Ziklag in his absence (1 Sam 28:1–30:31). It was here that many men joined to David (1 Chron 12:1–22).

From these examples, we learn some easily stated yet invaluable lessons from David:

  1. God knows our hearts.
  2. God rewards those who set their hearts after His own.
  3. We express a heart matched to His own through faithfulness to Him.

May we keep these truths in mind and live as David did, one whose faithfulness stemmed from a heart that followed after God’s own.

An Overview of 1 & 2 Chronicles

2015.04.16 hebrew bibleA Focus on 1 & 2 Chronicles

1 & 2 Chronicles were originally one scroll and record the history of Israel, especially of David and the tribe of Judah. The genealogy begins with Adam and ends with Anani who may have been born around 400 B.C., the approximate date that 1 & 2 Chronicles were written.

1 & 2 Chronicles overlaps with 1 & 2 Samuel and 1 & 2 Kings, but the books also have their own distinct emphases, such as the reign of David, the southern kings, and the worship of Israel as led by the Levites.

After a genealogy that focuses on Adam to the line of David (1 Chron 1–9), David’s reign captures the rest of 1 Chronicles (1 Chron 10–29). Solomon then receives 10 chapters of attention (2 Chron 1–9), after which a record is given for the rest of the southern kings of Judah (2 Chron 10–36). The author clearly thought the record of these kings was important because David’s line was promised to rule forever (1 Chron 17:1–15).

Like the northern tribes, Judah, too, was given to apostasy and was eventually taken captive by Babylon who destroyed the temple as well (2 Chron 36:11–21). Interestingly, the Hebrew order of OT books ends with the Chronicles and thus a note of hope in the foreign king Cyrus’s order to return and rebuild Jerusalem (2 Chron 36:22–23).

1 & 2 Chronicles within the Bible

Though royalty and priesthood seemed to coincide in some sense and flourish under David (cf. 1 Chron 15:25–28), only Christ was both priest and king in the line of Judah (cf. 2 Chron 26:19–10; Ps 110:4; Heb 7). Though Christ fulfills the Davidic covenant and is God’s Son in a way we are not (cf. Ps 2:7), we may still be described as God’s children who will one day reign with Christ (1 Chron 17:13; cf. 2 Sam 7:14; 2 Cor 6:18; Heb 1:5; Rev 3:21; 21:7).

Recommended Reading

For further study of the book as a whole, see the introduction for the book above in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, edited by John F. Walvoord and Roy B. Zuck (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985). For a brief overview of the use of the above book in the Bible as a whole, see the entry for the book above in the New Dictionary of Biblical Theology, edited by T. Desmond Alexander and Brian S. Rosner (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2000).